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Hiccups are the result of an involuntary, spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by the closing of the throat.

Hiccups can be caused by central nervous system disorders, injury or irritation to the phrenic and vagus nerves, and toxic or metabolic disorders affecting the central or peripheral nervous systems. They may be of unknown cause or may be a symptom of psychological stress. Hiccups often occur after drinking carbonated beverages or alcohol. They may also follow overeating or rapid temperature changes. Most cases of hiccups will disappear on their own. Home remedies that interrupt or override the spasmodic nerve circuitry are often effective. Here are a few ways to stop hiccups.
  1. Have someone else use the blunt end of a long teaspoon or butter knife to "tickle" your uvula. (The uvula is the piece of skin that hangs down from the back of the top of your mouth.) Just a nice tickle a jab could make you gag. You could try this yourself by looking in the mirror.
  2. Yell or sing as loud as you can.
  3. Give an older baby a bottle of water with some sugar or honey in it or simply a small spoonful of sugar or honey. Little babies should not have honey because many are allergic to it.
  4. Eat a spoonful of sugar.
  5. Lay on your back (they say that almost no one gets the hiccups in the dentist's chair).
  6. Put a paper bag over your mouth and nose and breathe in and out about ten times
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