In historical times, most countries of the world had hereditary
rulers. These kings made laws and ruled according to their whims and fancies. The
people had no say in the affairs of the government. The quality of governance depended
on the personality of the king. However, things have now changed. In India, we have
a democratic form of government.
Democracy is a government, of the people, by the people and for the people. The
government depends on the consent of the governed, that is, of the people. It is
a government in which the people reign supreme. Here, sovereignty means the supreme
power to take decisions, the power above which there could be no higher authority.
In a democracy, the people or the citizens as a whole exercise this supreme
power. However, practically speaking, this means that there must be some mechanism
available to the people to participate in the decision-making process and they must
exercise control over the government. The government remains in power only as long
as the people wish it to be in power