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It is a bush or tree 9-15m high.


How does it look:

It is a bush or tree 9-15m high. The bark is smooth, gray, often silvery. Leaves are small and reddish in colour when fruiting. Flowers bloom in the end of rainy season in September. Fruiting is in the month of December - March

Silvicultural Characters :

A light demanding tree. Generally drought-and fire-resistant; frost-hardy; possesses great power of recovery. Produces root-suckers particularly on reddish loam with more gravel soil. Coppices on degraded land and pollards well. Should be protected from grazing. Growth of the tree is slow.


How to grow:

Nursery-bed should be prepared with farmyard manure; sown (60g seed/1m) from February to June; regularly irrigated; 2-3 year old seedlings are preferred to direct sowing; 2-year-old stumps fare better than transplanting; planting should be on ridges.


  • Suitable for reclaiming semi-rocky and rocky places of arid regions

  • Wood is good for furniture, agricultural implements, handles, poles, shuttles, bobbins, shafts; and for huts; recommended as a substitute for teak.

  • Yeilds moderate firewood (sapwood, 4837 kcal; heartwood, 4739kcal/kg)

  • Leaf is a good fodder (crude protein, 7.6%). Also yeilds tannins, widely used for tanning sheepskin in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.

  • Bark yields a gum called ghatti or Indian gum.

    Where to sell:

  • Sell wood to furniture shops and for firewood.

  • Leaves can be sold to tanning industries



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